By Phillipa Breton. Worksheet. Published at Monday, April 22nd, 2019 - 13:14:57 PM.
In many preschools, child care centers, and kindergartens, young children spend their time on worksheet paper and pencil tasks. Teachers who use worksheets believe they are demonstrating children’s learning progress to parents. Unfortunately for Jamaica and the other children in her class, worksheet activities are not developmentally appropriate and can cause many problems. Worksheets typically have a ”right answer.” Jamaica is expected to circle the rhyming words or match the pictures of things that start with the letter ”G.” She may learn quickly that putting down a wrong answer is emotionally costly. Worksheet activities may make her feel ignorant and incompetent, so that she learns to stop taking risks by guessing.
Select “Slide Size” (usually in the Design tab) and set a custom size to your page size. You can definitely set it to 8.5 x 11 or 11 x 8.5. My school’s printer doesn’t like to print all the way to the edge of the page, so I always set my size to 10.75 x 8.25 or 8.25 x 10.75. Add borders, You can find all sorts of cute borders on TpT and insert them following the clip art step below. I personally like to make my own borders by inserting a shape. I use the rectangle to make my outline. In the Format tab (this only appears if you click on the shape), I choose the white center and black border and then click on “Shape Outline” and “Weight” to make it thicker. I didn’t even think to add this as a picture, but you can easily make your border centered on the page too! Just go to that Format tab and click where it says “Align.” Click “Align Center” and “Align Middle” and it will be perfect!
Now is the time to add some clipart images to your worksheets to give them some personality. You can find tons of clipart on the Internet, but you have to be sure to check out each site’s policies before just using any clipart. Perhaps your school already has a license with a clipart company that allows them to use clipart on school documents. Check with the school secretary to see if this is something you can use on your worksheets. Simple copy and paste the images onto your worksheet where you would like them to go. Take a look at the worksheet that you prepared on your computer screen. Make sure you have included everything that you want. Now take a look at the worksheet in a ”print preview” window. This window shows you exactly what will print. You will want to do this to make sure that everything you put on the worksheet will print out okay. This is an especially important step, if you have adjusted margins in any way. Once you have previewed how it will print, you can either make some adjustments (reducing font size, reducing clipart size, etc.) or just go ahead and print out the worksheet.
Problem solving involves an element of risk. If we want children to learn to solve problems we must create safe environments in which they feel confident taking risks, making mistakes, learning from them, and trying again (Fordham & Anderson, 1992). In a play-based curriculum, each day provides opportunities to learn about reading, writing, and math through real, meaningful situations. For instance, children set the table for snack so each child has one napkin, one straw, and one box of milk. Children string beads to match the pattern on a card or wait their turn because there is room for only four children at the art table. Through these meaningful experiences children begin to understand number, quantity, size, and other mathematical concepts. Early childhood education experts agree that the years from birth to age eight are a critical learning time for children (Bee, 1992; Kostelnik, Soderman, & Whiren, 1993; Willis, 1995). During these years, children have many cognitive, emotional, physical, and social tasks to accomplish (Katz, 1989). While children may have the ability to perform a task, that does not mean that the task is appropriate and should be performed. Educators agree that learning to read, write, and compute are undeniably important skills for children to acquire. The question is how and when they should be learned.
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